In our survey of 195 respondents (students and staff of the University of Newcastle), bullying usually took the form of more subtle psychological abuse (e.g. being humiliated, undervalued or ridiculed, exclusion, ostracism, removal of areas of responsibility, etc). Does this reflect the fact that as a whole, students and staff at the university are more educated and therefore more "civilized"?
However in our survey, the least commonly occurring behaviours were actual physical violence (4%) and injury as a result of violence (6%). These figures may appear to be extremely low, nothing to worry about.
Nevertheless, these figures mean that
- 8 adults experienced actual physical violence
- 12 adults were injured as a result of violence.