Safe Work Australia also states that
"There may not be obvious signs of bullying at the workplace but this does not mean it is not occurring,'' it states.
The spreading of gossip and rumours may be difficult to prove but can be clearly observed by the behaviour by previous colleagues/fellow students. e.g. being shunned by colleagues, being unable to obtain employment, being ostracised by academics from other universities.
This means that 64 people currently or previously involved with the University of Newcastle had been subjected to this type of bullying.